Quick overview of tafl variants.

king captured
from sides
king wins on other
Copenhagen Hnefatafl 11x11 4 corner Exit fort. Shieldwall rule.
Fetlar Hnefatafl 11x11 4 corner Perpetual repetition allowed (draw).
Old Hnefatafl 4 corner The king can be captured on the edge.
Berserk Hnefatafl 11x11 4 corner No win by encirclement (some pieces can jump).
Sea battle tafl 4 edge King unarmed
Historical Hnefatafl 2 edge Brandubh 7x7: king wins in corner.

General for all variants.
If no restricted corner squares: the king wins on the edge.
Restricted squares are hostile. (Except: if occupied by the king it's hostile only against attackers).
On the throne and next to the throne, the king is captured from four sides even if captured from two sides elsewhere.
Perpetual repetition not allowed (except for Fetlar).
Attackers can win by encircling all defenders (except for Berserk).
If a player can't move, he loses the game.



For all variants:
If the board has restricted corner squares, then the king wins in corner, otherwise he wins on the edge.
Restricted squares are always hostile. (Exception: when a throne is occupied by the king, then it's only hostile against attackers). Only the king can stop on a restricted square, but all pieces can pass through it.


Strong king

The strong king is armed and captured from 4 sides.

Copenhagen Hnefatafl 11x11 board

Copenhagen Hnefatafl 11x11.

Repetitions are forbidden, and attackers can win by encircling all defenders. Shieldwall capture. Exit fort win.

Copenhagen rules.
Fetlar Hnefatafl 11x11 board

Fetlar Hnefatafl 11x11.

No rule against repetitions.

Fetlar rules.
Berserk Hnefatafl 11x11 board

Berserk Hnefatafl 11x11.

Repetitions are forbidden, but no rule about encircling all defenders (the commanders take care of breaking forts). The game has two more types of pieces: a knight and four commanders. And berserk moves.

Berserk rules.


For all variants below, repetitions are forbidden, and attackers can win by encircling all defenders.


Weak king

The weak king is armed and captured from 2 sides.
Whenever the board has a throne (forbidden square in center): On the throne and next to the throne, the king is captured from four sides even when captured from two sides elsewhere.

Historical Hnefatafl rules for print (Adam Bartley).
Mobile-friendly.

Weak king setups.

Irish Brandubh 7x7 board
Historical Hnefatafl 7x7
(Irish Brandubh).
Scottish Ard Ri 7x7 board
Historical Hnefatafl 7x7
(Scottish Ard ri).

Saami Tablut 9x9 board
Historical Hnefatafl 9x9
(Saami Tablut).
Welsh Tawlbwrdd 11x11 board
Historical Hnefatafl 11x11
(Welsh Tawlbwrdd).
Simple Tafl 11x11 board
Simple Tafl.
(Tawlbwrdd throneless Lewis cross 11x11)
Historical Hnefatafl 13x13 board
Historical Hnefatafl 13x13.
(Parlett setup)
Historical Hnefatafl 15x15 board
Historical Hnefatafl 15x15.
(Damian Walker setup)


Unarmed sea battle cargo ship.

The sea battle cargo ship is unarmed and captured from 4 sides.

Sea Battle rules.

Sea battle setups.

Sea Battle tafl 9x9 board
Sea Battle 9x9.
Sea Battle tafl 11x11 board
Sea Battle tafl 11x11.
(Dardell setup)
Sea Battle tafl diamond 11x11 board
Sea Battle diamond 11x11.
Sea Battle tafl 13x13 board
Sea Battle tafl 13x13.
(modif. Parlett setup)
Sea Battle tafl 15x15 board
Sea Battle tafl 15x15.
(Damian Walker setup)



Updated 19.6.2018
Copyright © 1998-2018 Aage Nielsen, All Rights Reserved;